The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has caused a disruption worldwide and almost all the industries have seen an abrupt downfall in their development graphs, Africa is no exception. The pandemic has severely affected the region mostly in the industries like construction, automotive, oil and gas, and others. For say, the expansion of South Africa’s auto industry development strategy by the African government was indeed forced into survival mode and ambitious growth was pushed further. Similarly, in the oil and gas industry, according to the African Energy Chamber, pre-pandemic planned capital expenditure in 2020-2021 was US$ 90 billion but has fallen to US$60 billion. The Africa welding consumables market demands are mainly from these sectors and the crisis overall has inclined towards a negative impact on the market. Although, World Health Organization (WHO) is positioning additional experts to more or less of the worst-affected countries, including Uganda and Zambia as well as subsidiary South Africa-based regional laboratories to supervisor alternates of concern.
Africa Welding Consumables Market Segment Analysis – By Material Type
The metal welding segment held the largest share in Africa Welding Consumables Market in 2020. Metal welding is widely used in construction, automotive, oil and gas especially while serving the pipeline and others. For structural purposes, metals are inserted deep underground before the foundation is laid to provide stability and for transportation, it is used for oil, gas, sewage, and water. Since welding involves heating of the surface and however due to low adhesion plastics and glass welding comes with great challenge whereas, metals are easier in comparison. Hence, metals are mostly preferred by contractors and builders as they boast desirable properties and often choose over any other materials. Owing to certain properties, metal welding is preferred in most of the end-use industry and the demand for metal welding is highly contributing in the Africa welding consumables market.
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Africa Welding Consumables Market Segment Analysis – By Consumables
Flux-cored segment wire held the largest share in the Africa Welding Consumables Market in 2020. Flux-cored wire is preferable owing to its exclusive properties to any other categories of welding consumables. The flux-cored wire does not have need of peripheral shielding gas since the weld pool is safeguarded by gas produced when flux from the cable is burned. Accordingly, the flux-cored wire is more transportable as it does not involve an external gas tank. Also, they permit for an elevated deposition rate and operate appropriately outdoors and in windy surroundings. Flux-cored wire is excellent when it comes to pipeline especially in oil and gas sector and with the recent development in the region, for instance, in 2021 Tanzania has signed a Host Government Agreement (HGA) with a Total-led joint venture to launch the East African Crude Oil Pipeline Project (EACOP), which is expected to boost the demand for flux-cored wire which drives the market growth of Africa welding consumables market.
Africa Welding Consumables Market Segment Analysis – By Techniques
Arc welding segment held the largest share in the Africa Welding Consumables Market in 2020. Arc welding is basically a process of joining two metal parts with the help of electricity and is the easiest process compared to any other. Due to the extreme heat concentration, the process can be perform quickly and saves lot of time by higher welding speeds. The demand for arc welding techniques is rising owing to its properties like less distortion, less smoke or sparks are involved, can be carried out in any atmosphere, cheap cost and high corrosion resistance which have direct impact on the growth of Africa welding consumables market.
Africa Welding Consumables Market Segment Analysis – By Application
Steel and Pipeline segment held the largest share in the Africa Welding Consumables Market in 2020 and is growing at a CAGR of 4.1% during 2021-2026. Pipeline welding is used in water lines, gas lines, oil refineries and others in industries like oil and gas, automotive, and construction. It is used to carry out fluids such as natural gas, petroleum-based products, fuel from underground. Since, a welded pipe can be easily repaired compared to the one using screwed fittings. With welding, repair seems to be done right win the place. Owing to the benefits of pipeline welding, it is mostly preferred by the end-use industries and to which might boost the growth of Africa welding consumables market.
Africa Welding Consumables Market Segment Analysis – By End-Use Industry
Building and Construction segment held the largest share in the Africa Welding Consumables Market in 2020 and is growing at a CAGR of 6.3% during 2021-2026. There is an escalating demand for welding consumables for the building and construction industry. The building and construction activities repeatedly involve welding techniques to connect the steel I-beams, columns, trusses, and footers that construct the operational structure of a building. These components are cut to size, lifted into position with a crane or construction jack, and then welded together to support the floors, walls, and roof of a building. There have been rapid developments in the building and construction sector, for instance, Kenya has embarked on construction of a US$14.5 billion technology city in Machakos County in a bid to attract technology talents and investors to drive its economic growth. Then again, in 2020 the World Bank has approved US$130.8 million in financing to support the US$150.80 million Uganda Roads and Bridges in the Refugee Hosting Districts Project, the demand for welding consumables will also substantially increase, which will enhance the Africa welding consumables market during the forecast period.
Africa Welding Consumables Market Segment Analysis – By Country
South Africa dominates the Africa Welding Consumables Market held the largest share up to 41% in 2020 owing to the rise in demand and production of automobiles and the need for rapid construction in the region, due to the increasing population. For instance, in June 2020, African government announced the roll-out of an extensive infrastructure investment drive that would cover 55 projects across six sectors. And according to International Trade Administration, South Africas global vehicle production ranking is 22nd with a 6.9% vehicle production market share. South Africa has the best rail infrastructure in Africa and according to International Trade Administration, the South African Government has announced plans to spend US$62.9 billion by 2027 on transportation infrastructure. The development in the countrys automotive and construction has direct impact on the market growth of Africa consumables welding market.
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Africa Welding Consumables Market Drivers
Rising demand of welding consumables in the automotive sector
Demands placed on vehicles are constantly escalating, for instance, in 2019 the production rate of passenger cars in Africa increased by 1.3% from the previous year according to Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d’Automobiles (OICA). Extraordinary functioning is vital along with energy efficiency and low weight, while more rigorous international legislation implements gradually reduced emissions. Welding consumables like stick electrode, flux-cored wires, solid wires, SAW wires and fluxes offer cost savings in terms of higher production output, increased weld quality, less rejects and less post weld repair and cleaning. Additional, welding metal-cored wires for exhaust systems in a vehicle have a much higher deposition rate and welding speed than solid wires of the same diameter. There has been a constant rise and development in the African automotive sector. The initiatives and the developments will bring certain positive growth to Africa welding consumables market.
Welding requirements in Oil and Gas Offshore industry
Oil and Gas sector is one of the major consumers of welding consumables as the sector is used during welding of high strength steels used in drilling units or offshore cranes, corrosion resistant alloys used for subsea and top side processing applications and low alloyed consumables for the welding of pressure control equipment. The demands are high as it offers high quality metal-base wires for the hot wire GTAW process and the most advanced solutions in electroslag strip cladding. With the forthcoming projects of Nigerias Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB), South Africa passing its upstream legislation, Somalias first ever licensing round in early 2021, and the speedy development of Tanzania LNG Liquefaction project, point to a future of reliable energy production for Sub-Saharan Africa indicates the upcoming developments in the region. Additionally, Rovuma LNG Liquefaction Plant project worth US$22.4 billion, is expected to produce 8.2 million tonnes of LNG per year. With the constant development of oil and gas industries in the region and considering the demand of welding consumables from the sector will enhance the market growth of Africa welding consumables market.
Africa Welding Consumables Market Challenges
Unavailability of raw Materials
Fluctuation in the raw material like steel, cast iron, mild steel, alloys and othors, prices is a state of concern which are mainly observe due to change in trade policies, fluctuations in foreign exchange rates and imbalance supply and demand system. This further creates unfavorable impact on the manufacturers and ultimately impact the cost of consumables, forcing to reduce the profit margin in order to stay in the competition. Besides lack of skilled welder is another reason hindering the market growth of Africa welding consumables market.
Africa Welding Consumables Market Landscape
Technology launches, acquisitions and R&D activities are key strategies adopted by players in the Africa Welding Consumables Market. Major players in the Africa Welding Consumables Market are voestalpine Böhler Welding, Afrox Ltd, Illinois Tool Works Inc., Sonics and Materials, Inc., Fronius International GmbH, Obara Corporation, Daihen Corporation, ROFIN-SINAR Technologies Inc., Panasonic Corp., Lincoln Electric Holdings Inc.
Acquisitions/Technology Launches/ Product Launches
In November 2020, Voestalpine Böhler Welding and Afrox Ltd. formed a joint venture to manufacture welding consumables, which strengthen their presence in the South African and Sub-Saharan African region. Afrox has contributed its current welding consumables factory located in South Africa into a new company and sold 51% thereof to Voestalpine Böhler Welding.
South Africa is dominating the market for welding equipment and consumables due to the rising population, growing economies, and government initiatives focused at endorsing automobile and construction industries in the country.
The market drivers and restraints have been assessed to understand their impact over the forecast period.
The report further identifies the key opportunities for growth while also detailing the key challenges and possible threats.
The other key areas of focus include the various applications and end-use industry in Africa welding consumables market and their specific segmented revenue.
Africa welding consumables market is forecast to witness high growth due to the positive outlook of end-use industries such as the automotive and transportation, marine, and construction industries.
A. Welding Consumables Market
B. Welding Materials market
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